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Education System in Bhutan - An Overview

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a country in South Asia situated at the Eastern end of the Himalayas. China and India are its neighboring countries. Until 1950, there was Monastic Education System in Bhutan. However, as part of the First Five Year Plan, the Government in 1961 adopted the Western Education System. And within a short span of four decades the Government of Bhutan built 447 schools consisting of Primary Schools to Tertiary Education Institutes.

The Ministry of Education in Bhutan Government has the full responsibility to promote and build Education in the country. It also carries the responsibility of maintaining quality and standard of Education at all the levels, be it Primary Education or Higher Education, Technical Education or Vocational Education. Furthermore, UNESCO is an Apex Body of Education that works closely with the Ministry of Education of Bhutan for its promotion.

The minimum age for admission into pre primary schools is 6 years. After completion of Primary Education, students appear for the national level All Bhutan Class Six Examinations conducted by individual schools. The question papers are still prepared by Bhutan Board of Examinations. After passing class 6, students get enrolled into lower secondary schools and further into higher secondary schools. There are 16 higher secondary schools providing Education at class 11th and 12th level. Moreover, admission to higher schools depends on the performance of students in class 10th Examinations.  

Thus to sum up, Education in Bhutan consists of 7 years of Primary Schooling and 6 years of Secondary Schooling comprises 2 years each for lower, middle and higher secondary. After passing secondary school examinations students may take admission into three-year degree programs leading to Bachelors degree.And a four year degree program is also available as part of higher technical education.

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